His playing influenced virtually all subsequent jazz horn players, and the swing and rhythmic suppleness of his vocal style were important influences on singers from Billie Holiday to Bing Crosby. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Armstrong was a gifted composer who wrote more than fifty songs, some of which have become jazz standards (e.g. He heard the early sounds of jazz from bands that played in brothels and dance halls such as Pete Lala's, where King Oliver performed. Duke Ellington's orchestra went to Roseland to catch Armstrong's performances. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band performing in Chicago, 1923. In 1969, he had a cameo role in Gene Kelly's film version of Hello, Dolly! In Chicago, he spent time with other popular jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend Bix Beiderbecke and spending time with Hoagy Carmichael and Lil Hardin. Armstrong was featured as a guest artist with Lionel Hampton's band at the famed second Cavalcade of Jazz concert held at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles which was produced by Leon Hefflin Sr. on October 12, 1946. Louis Armstrong: 1 n United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971) Synonyms: Armstrong , Satchmo Example of: jazz musician , jazzman a musician who plays or composes jazz music cornetist , trumpeter a musician who plays the trumpet or cornet Louis Armstrong was a superstar, long before Andy Warhol popularised the phrase. In late 1924 Armstrong was wooed away by Fletcher Henderson in New York City. 1914-1981. He incorporated influences from all these sources into his performances, sometimes to the bewilderment of fans who wanted him to stay in convenient narrow categories. [33], Throughout his riverboat experience, Armstrong's musicianship began to mature and expand. [134] Billie Holiday and Frank Sinatra are just two singers who were greatly indebted to him. Armstrong lived luxuriously in his own apartment with his first private bath. [91], In addition to being an entertainer, Armstrong was a leading personality of the day. The museum opened to the public on October 15, 2003. The other members were affected by Armstrong's emotional style. His beautiful tone and gift for bravura solos ending in high-note climaxes led to such masterworks as his recordings of “That’s My Home,” “Body and Soul,” and “Star Dust.”. [129][130], The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame listed Armstrong's West End Blues on the list of 500 songs that shaped Rock and Roll.[131]. His irrepressible personality both as a performer and as a public figure was so strong that to some it sometimes overshadowed his contributions as a musician and singer. Friends Who Liked This Quote. 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Conversely, a … However, a growing generation gap became apparent between him and the young jazz musicians who emerged in the postwar era such as Charlie Parker, Miles Davis, and Sonny Rollins. The Great Depression of the early 1930s was especially hard on the jazz scene. Armstrong, Louis A twentieth-century African-American jazz trumpet player and singer. [35], His first studio recordings were with Oliver for Gennett Records on April 5–6, 1923. 9". In the 1959 film The Five Pennies he played himself, sang, and played several classic numbers. [46] His recordings soon after with pianist Earl "Fatha" Hines (most famously their 1928 "Weather Bird" duet) and Armstrong's trumpet introduction to and solo in "West End Blues" remain some of the most famous and influential improvisations in jazz history. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Noun 1. Some musicians criticized Armstrong for playing in front of segregated audiences, and for not taking a strong enough stand in the American civil rights movement. "[47], Armstrong also played with Erskine Tate's Little Symphony, which played mostly at the Vendome Theatre. dentist; fitness; health; medicine; Home. [91][112], Prior to Armstrong, most collective ensemble playing in jazz, along with its occasional solos, simply varied the melodies of the songs. Some of his solos from the 1950s, such as the hard rocking version of "St. Louis Blues" from the WC Handy album, show that the influence went in both directions.[91]. Louis-Armstrong. He was baptized a Catholic in the Sacred Heart of Jesus Church in New Orleans,[99] and he met Pope Pius XII and Pope Paul VI. For a time he was a member of the Lil Hardin Armstrong Band and working for his wife. [6] Although he died in 1971, it was not until the mid-1980s that his true birth date, August 4, 1901, was discovered by Tad Jones by researching baptismal records. [91], After a competition at the Savoy, he was crowned and nicknamed "King Menelik," after the Emperor of Ethiopia, for slaying "ofay jazz demons. The nickname was turned on Armstrong himself. The same applies to his 1952 studio recording of the song "Chloe", where the choir in the background sings "Louie ... Louie", with Armstrong responding "What was that? Louis Armstrong [1] (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), [2] nicknamed Satchmo [3] or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana. [91] He was heard on such radio programs as The Story of Swing (1937) and This Is Jazz (1947), and he also made television appearances, especially in the 1950s and 1960s, including appearances on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Armstrong's famous interpretation of Carmichael's "Stardust" became one of the most successful versions of this song ever recorded, showcasing Armstrong's unique vocal sound and style and his innovative approach to singing songs that had already become standards. Armstrong definition, U.S. jazz trumpeter and bandleader. In the summer of 2001, in commemoration of the centennial of Armstrong's birth, New Orleans's main airport was renamed Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport. Louis and Lil Armstrong separated in 1931. "Bebop?" a brain has, the smarter the person is. [8][9][10], Armstrong was born in New Orleans to Mary Albert and William Armstrong. Louis Armstrong. He did not perform publicly at all in 1969 and spent most of the year recuperating at home. as the bandleader Louis. Armstrong's Contributions. [97] The FBI kept a file on Armstrong for his outspokenness about integration. His recordings for Columbia Records, Louis Armstrong Plays W.C. He became one of the first jazz musicians to be featured on extended trumpet solos, injecting his own personality and style. "[19] He wore a Star of David pendant for the rest of his life and wrote about what he learned from them: "how to live—real life and determination. Definition of louis in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Armstrong was performing at the Brick House in Gretna, Louisiana, when he met Daisy Parker, a local prostitute. In 1995, the U.S. Post Office issued a Louis Armstrong 32 cents commemorative postage stamp. Health. Selected discography. [29] Around the age of fifteen, he pimped for a prostitute named Nootsy, but that relationship failed after she stabbed Armstrong in the shoulder and his mother nearly choked her to death. By that time Armstrong was playing trumpet, and his technique was superior to that of all competitors. Meckna, Michael; Satchmo, The Louis Armstrong Encyclopedia, Greenwood Press, Connecticut & London, 2004. The lyrics of the song talk about the beautiful things of the world such as the blue skies, the beautiful colors of the rainbow, the warmth and friendlessness people show … Louis Armstrong was the dominant influence on the swing era, when most trumpeters attempted to emulate his inclination to dramatic structure, melody, or technical virtuosity. Another tale is that because of his large mouth, he was nicknamed "satchel mouth" which was shortened to "Satchmo".[91]. During this period, Armstrong made many recordings and appeared in over thirty films. In 1964, Armstrong knocked The Beatles off the top of the Billboard Hot 100 chart with "Hello, Dolly! As a virtuoso trumpet player, Armstrong had a unique tone and an extraordinary talent for melodic improvisation. Hines and Armstrong became fast friends and successful collaborators. Mob bosses from New York City and Chicago threatened Louis Armstrong in attempts to control his management contract. New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (Digital File Number: cph 3c27236 ) This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager. "[111] The most lauded recordings on which Armstrong plays trumpet include the Hot Five and Hot Seven sessions, as well as those of the Red Onion Jazz Babies. [13] At six he attended the Fisk School for Boys,[14] a school that accepted black children in the racially segregated system of New Orleans. Check out Jazz Definition [Explicit] by Louis Armstrong on Amazon Music. In 1999 Armstrong was nominated for inclusion in the American Film Institute's 100 Years ... 100 Stars.[133]. As a result, he branched out, developing his vocal style and making his first theatrical appearances. Louis Armstrong was a musical inspiration and influence for countless singers, musicians, and jazz artists. The museum is operated by the Queens College, City University of New York, following the dictates of Lucille Armstrong's will. [84] His relationship with Alpha, however, began while he was playing at the Vendome during the 1920s and continued long after. Louis Armstrong, 1953. Louis armstrong Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries. She prodded him into wearing more stylish attire to offset his girth. [138], Congo Square was a common gathering place for African-Americans in New Orleans for dancing and performing music. ..."Uh-huh"..."Sure"..."Way down, way down." He traveled with the band of Fate Marable, which toured on the steamboat Sidney with the Streckfus Steamers line up and down the Mississippi River. In August 1954, Louis Armstrong recorded "Skokiaan" in two parts with Sy Oliver's Orchestra in New York (Decca 29256). Louis Armstrong was one of the most recognizable entertainers in the world when he chose the working-class neighborhood of Corona, Queens to be his home. Passive-aggressive personality disorder (PAPD) causes people to express negative feelings and emotions subtly or passively rather… His 1964 song "Bout Time" was later featured in the film Bewitched. [11] About two years later, he had a daughter, Beatrice "Mama Lucy" Armstrong, who was raised by Albert. In Ireland the name was adopted as an Anglicization of two Gaelic names from Ulster: Mac Thréinfhir (meaning "son of the strong man") and Ó Labhraidh Tréan (meaning "strong O'Lavery"). Revisiting Louis Armstrong in the Context of Civil Rights Time/Life recently released a retrospective box set of Louis Armstrong. In the last half of 1928, he started recording with a new group: Zutty Singleton (drums), Earl Hines (piano), Jimmy Strong (clarinet), Fred Robinson (trombone), and Mancy Carr (banjo). It became impossible under such circumstances to finance a 16-piece touring band. Armstrong was not the first to record scat singing, but he was masterful at it and helped popularize it with the first recording on which he scatted, "Heebie Jeebies". At the same time, however, his oeuvre includes many original melodies, creative leaps, and relaxed or driving rhythms. A musical Genious. Though his own bands usually played in a more conservative style, Armstrong was the dominant influence on the swing era, when most trumpeters attempted to emulate his inclination to dramatic structure, melody, or technical virtuosity. ", a song by Jerry Herman, originally sung by Carol Channing. Share this quote: Like Quote. He played at the New Cotton Club in Los Angeles with Lionel Hampton on drums. The Louis Armstrong Hot Five and Hot Seven Sessions were recorded between 1925 and 1928 by Louis Armstrong with his Hot Five and Hot Seven groups. [91], Armstrong performed in Italy at the 1968 Sanremo Music Festival where he sang "Mi Va di Cantare"[118] alongside his friend, the Eritrean-born Italian singer Lara Saint Paul. With his new repertoire came a new, simplified style: he created melodic paraphrases and variations as well as chord-change-based improvisations on these songs. At twenty, he could read music. Peter Davis, who frequently appeared at the home at the request of Captain Jones,[26] became Armstrong's first teacher and chose him as bandleader. A satchel is a type of large bag. The house that he shared with his fourth wife, Lucille Wilson, in Queens, New York City, from 1943 until his death in 1971 was preserved as the Louis Armstrong House Museum, which also maintained his archives. [61] The sound of jazz, along with many other musicians such as Armstrong, helped shape Hughes as a writer. Encouraged by his wife, Armstrong quit Oliver’s band to seek further fame. "[45] Among the most notable of the Hot Five and Seven records were "Cornet Chop Suey", "Struttin' With Some Barbecue", "Hotter Than that" and "Potato Head Blues," all featuring highly creative solos by Armstrong. Louis Armstrong, byname Satchmo (truncation of “Satchel Mouth”), (born August 4, 1901, New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.—died July 6, 1971, New York, New York), the leading trumpeter and one of the most influential artists in jazz history. Louis Armstrong grew up in dire poverty in New Orleans, Louisiana. He played for a year in New York City in Fletcher Henderson’s band and on many recordings with others before returning to Chicago and playing in large orchestras. Somebody called my name?" Armstrong synonyms, Armstrong pronunciation, Armstrong translation, English dictionary definition of Armstrong. [17][18] In his memoir Louis Armstrong + the Jewish Family in New Orleans, La., the Year of 1907, he described his discovery that this family was also subject to discrimination by "other white folks" who felt that they were better than Jews: "I was only seven years old but I could easily see the ungodly treatment that the white folks were handing the poor Jewish family whom I worked for. Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (IATA: MSY, ICAO: KMSY, FAA LID: MSY) is a Class B public use international airport in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States.It is owned by the city of New Orleans and is located 10 nautical miles (19 km) west of its central business district. He appears throughout the film, also sings the title song as well as performs a duet with Crosby, "Now You Has Jazz". (lo͞o′ĭs), Joe Originally Joseph Louis Barrow. He lived in this household with two stepbrothers for several months. The park where Congo Square is located was later renamed Louis Armstrong Park. [88] In a 1955 letter to his manager, Joe Glaser, Armstrong affirmed his belief that Preston's newborn baby was his daughter, and ordered Glaser to pay a monthly allowance of $400 (US$4,772 in 2019 dollars[89]) to mother and child. [91], Armstrong was one of the first artists to use recordings of his performances to improve himself. Born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana, Armstrong was famous for his unique voice and a trumpet solo, Armstrong frequently used an improvised technique of singing, called scat singing, emulating instrumental solos. [124] He was residing in Corona, Queens, New York City, at the time of his death. Armstrong appeared at many New York area venues, including several extended engagements at Freedomland U.S.A. in The Bronx. He enjoyed listening to his own recordings, and comparing his performances musically. [99] He wore the Star of David in honor of the Karnoffsky family, who took him in as a child and lent him money to buy his first cornet. [91], He generally remained politically neutral, which at times alienated him from members of the black community who looked to him to use his prominence with white America to become more of an outspoken figure during the civil rights movement. In publicity, much to his chagrin, she billed him as "the World's Greatest Trumpet Player". Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter, composer and singer who became one of the pivotal and most influential figures in jazz music. "Gully Low Blues", "Potato Head Blues" and "Swing That Music"). He sponsored a local baseball team known as Armstrong's Secret Nine and had a cigar named after him. Armstrong had a difficult childhood. By then the New Orleans ensemble style, which allowed few solo opportunities, could no longer contain his explosive creativity. As with his trumpet playing, Armstrong's vocal innovations served as a foundation stone for the art of jazz vocal interpretation. On the next day, March 19, 1919, Armstrong and Parker married at City Hall. Next time when searching the web for a clue, try using the search term “Louis Armstrong’s nickname crossword” or “Louis Armstrong’s nickname crossword clue” when searching for help with your puzzles. After a tour across the country shadowed by the mob, he fled to Europe. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz. Along with his "clarinet-like figurations and high notes in his cornet solos", he was also known for his "intense rhythmic 'swing', a complex conception involving ... accented upbeats, upbeat to downbeat slurring, and complementary relations among rhythmic patterns. the popular name of the jazz musician Louis Armstrong.It was short for 'satchel mouth', because he had a very large mouth. Passive-aggressive personality disorder: Definition, causes, treatment. Even special musicians like Duke Ellington have praised Armstrong through strong testimonials. Early on he was also known as "Dipper", short for "Dippermouth", a reference to the piece Dippermouth Blues. [36], Lil Hardin Armstrong urged him to seek more prominent billing and develop his style apart from the influence of Oliver. While selling coal in Storyville, he heard spasm bands, groups that played music out of household objects. William Armstrong abandoned the family shortly after. Armstrong, louis definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Louis Armstrong, 1901-1971, an American jazz musician. Louis Armstrong's life is too amazing to take it all in in one gulp - as many of his contemporary political, jazz, and entertainment figures were … An album of the same title was quickly created around the song, and also shot to number one (knocking The Beatles off the top of the chart). "[23], Borrowing his stepfather's gun without permission, he fired a blank into the air and was arrested on December 31, 1912. (Soundbite of music, “What a Wonderful World”) Mr. LOUIS ARMSTRONG (Late Singer): (Singing) I see trees of green, red roses too. [86], Armstrong's marriages never produced any offspring. The Louis Armstrong House Museum website states: Judging from home recorded tapes now in our Museum Collections, Louis pronounced his own name as "Lewis". One of his most remarkable feats was his frequent conquest of the popular market with recordings that thinly disguised authentic jazz with Armstrong’s contagious humour. [74], Armstrong kept touring well into his 60s, even visiting part of the communist bloc in 1965. dentist; fitness; health; medicine; Home. Sources. Before Louis Armstrong hit the scene, the trumpet and cornet were certainly aspects of jazz music, but they were played in a very conve… In 2002, the Louis Armstrong's Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings (1925–1928) were preserved in the United States National Recording Registry, a registry of recordings selected yearly by the National Recording Preservation Board for preservation in the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress. Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed "Satchmo", "Satch", and "Pops", was an American trumpeter, composer, vocalist, and actor who was among the most influential figures in jazz. health. Above all else, his swing-style trumpet playing influenced virtually all jazz horn players who followed him, and the swing and rhythmic suppleness of his vocal style were important influences on singers from Billie Holiday to Bing Crosby. When it was released, the disc was a worldwide success and the song was then performed by the greatest international singers. Many broadcast announcers, fans, and acquaintances called him "Louie" and in a videotaped interview from 1983 Lucille Armstrong calls her late husband "Louie" as well. Second wife helped him develop his style apart from the no - an American jazz musician superior that. Recordings, including the Roseland Ballroom, with arrangements by Don Redman his Five... Enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage [ 57 ] but he... 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